Design  Data were collected from 1057 children; validated questi

Design.  Data were collected from 1057 children; validated questionnaires were completed, Poziotinib solubility dmso and children were examined by trained dentist at ages 3 and 5. Logistic regression analyses were performed to explain dental attendance. Results.  At the age of 3, 62% and by 5 years, 21% had never visited the dentist. The first dental visit was considered a pleasant experience for the majority of children. Multivariable regression analyses revealed that children who were not first born, whose mothers had a higher educational level and whose parents had recently visited the

dentist, had significantly higher odds for having visited the dentist at young age. Conclusions.  Parents of young children need to be informed about and motivated for an early dental visit. Promotion campaigns should focus on firstborn children, children

from less educated parents, and parents who do not regularly see a dentist. “
“A wide range for the prevalence of Molar–Incisor–Hypomineralisation (MIH) has been found in regional studies. The aim of this selleckchem study was to determine the prevalence of MIH in Germany and to compare the findings with other studies. In the compulsory dental school examination, the first permanent molars, permanent incisors, and second primary molars were examined according to EAPD criteria in 2395 children (8.1 ± 0.8 years) in four regions in Germany for the presence of MIH. Examinations were performed by five calibrated examiners (κ = 0.9) on clean teeth after toothbrushing. The prevalence of MIH at the four regions differed considerably (4.3–14.6%) with a mean prevalence of 10.1%. The

Montelukast Sodium DMFT/dmft was generally low, but children with MIH exhibited statistically significant higher caries values. A total of 12.0% of the children with MIH also had at least one affected primary molar, which resulted in a statistically significant correlation between primary and permanent teeth. Most of the affected teeth had demarcated opacities, but more than half of the affected children showed at least one tooth with severe MIH. Molar–Incisor–Hypomineralisation is a prevalent finding in German school children. The prevalence varies highly in different regions, and the high rate of severe forms has clinically relevant implications. “
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2010; 20: 158–164 Background.  Caries is a disease that affects both primary and permanent dentitions, therefore new methods of caries diagnosis need to be tested on primary teeth as well as on permanent teeth. Aim.  This study reports the application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to characterize sound dental structure and detect natural caries of human primary teeth. Design.  Six primary teeth were sectioned into thin slices (∼1.5 mm), and analysed perpendicular to the enamel surface by two home-made OCT systems operating around 1280 and 840 nm. The generated images were compared with histology as the gold standard. Results.

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