In conclusion, these results show high (> 35%) HIV infection rates in adults in this southern area of Mozambique. Furthermore, in this area HIV prevalence estimates from routine ANC surveillance
tended to underestimate the magnitude of the epidemic, especially in the youngest age group. The estimated HIV infection rates will help to identify populations at greatest risk for infection which need to be prioritized in prevention programmes and strategies . Indeed, HIV/AIDS education programmes commonly target adolescents and younger adults, but our results suggest that prevention programmes should also be Selleckchem MG-132 extended to older adults . Improving the prevention tools already available is crucial, but the development and testing of innovative prevention strategies
such as circumcision, prevention strategies that include HIV-infected individuals and test and treat may need to be tailored to different age and risk groups, especially in sub-Saharan countries such as Mozambique, where the epidemic continues to exact a severe toll. This work was supported by the www.selleckchem.com/products/pd-0332991-palbociclib-isethionate.html European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) as part of the AfrEVacc consortium and co-funded by the Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitaria from the Spanish Ministry of Health. The CISM receives core funding from the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation (AECI) and the HIV VCT units and personnel from the filipin Manhiça Health Centre are supported by the Agència de Cooperació Catalana. R.G. was supported by a grant from the Spanish
Ministry of Health (Contrato post-Formación Sanitaria Especializada ‘Rio Hortega’, Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, ref. CM07/0015). We are grateful to the study participants, field workers, HIV counsellors and all the staff from the Demography and Social Sciences Departments at the CISM, especially to Charfudin Sacoor, Elpidia Pedro, Carolina Mindu and Helena Boene. “
“Background. Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) can affect travelers to sub-Saharan Africa, as well as migrants from disease endemic countries (DECs), posing diagnosis challenges to travel health services in non-disease endemic countries (non-DECs). Methods. Cases reported in journals have been collected through a bibliographic research and complemented by cases reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) during the process to obtain anti-trypanosome drugs. These drugs are distributed to DECs solely by WHO. Drugs are also provided to non-DECs when an HAT case is diagnosed. However, in non-DEC pentamidine can also be purchased in the market due to its indication to treat Pneumocystis and Leishmania infections. Any request for drugs from non-DECs should be accompanied by epidemiological and clinical data on the patient. Results. During the period 2000 to 2010, 94 cases of HAT were reported in 19 non-DECs.