Our results reveal that the load-deformation profiles of the CNT ring under tensile loadings exhibit bifurcation behavior, which is ascribed to its van der Waals interaction with the substrate and is dependent on its relaxed conformation
on the substrate. Our work suggests that CNT nano-rings are promising for a number of applications, such as ultrasensitive force sensors and stretchable and flexible structural components in nanoscale mechanical and electromechanical systems. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3554406]“
“PRINCIPLES: Cardiac myxoma is the most commonly diagnosed cardiac tumour. Infection of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) has been postulated to be a factor for this pathologic entity. The aim of the current study was to Cell Cycle inhibitor selleck compound evaluate the association between HSV 1 and myxoma occurrence.
METHODS: Between 1965 and 2005, 70 patients (36 female, mean age: 52.6 years) underwent a resection of myxoma. Selected variables such as
hospital mortality and morbidity were studied. A follow-up (FU; mean FU time: 138 +/- 83 months) was obtained (76% complete). Immunohistological studies with monoclonal antibodies against HSV type 1 were performed on tumour biopsies of 40 patients.
RESULTS: The mean age was 53 +/- 16 years (range 23 to 84 years, 51% female). Of the investigated population, 31 (44%) were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV. Mitral valve stenosis was identified in 14 patients (20%), and in 25 (36%) patients mitral valve was insufficient. During hospitalisation 3 patients suffered from a transient neurological disorder, and in addition to myxoma resection 18 (25.7%) patients had to undergo an additional intervention. The overall survival rate was 91% at 40 years. There was no early postoperative mortality in follow-up, although 4 patients died and 2 patients had been re-operated on for recurrent
myxomas after 2 and 9 years. Immunohistology revealed no positive signals for HSV-1 antigens among the 40 analysed cases.
CONCLUSION: Complete surgical resection, JAK assay septum included, was the treatment of choice and mandatory to prevent relapse. Peri-operative morbidity and mortality over 40 years remained low, and no association between HSV infection and occurrence of cardiac myxoma was found.”
“G-quadruplex DNA is a four-stranded DNA structure formed by non-Watson-Crick base pairing between stacked sets of four guanines. Many possible functions have been proposed for this structure, but its in vivo role in the cell is still largely unresolved. We carried out a genome-wide survey of the evolutionary conservation of regions with the potential to form G-quadruplex DNA structures (G4 DNA motifs) across seven yeast species.