While obesity and physical activity in survivorship are potential targets for improving physical health, other biological processes that impact physical health, e.g. inflammation, remain to be identified.”
“Bilirubin can prevent oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and may protect against atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD). The goal of this study was to characterize the relationship between bilirubin and CHD through measurements of bilirubin concentration, coronary endothelial function, and markers of oxidative stress, inflammation,
and lipid/glucose metabolism. The study population consisted of 141 patients without CHD who underwent Doppler flow study. Vascular reactivity was examined by intracoronary administration of papaverine, acetylcholine (ACh) and nitroglycerin using a Doppler guide wire. Serum bilirubin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), malondialdehyde-modified LDL, find more LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and immunoreactive insulin were also measured. Homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were calculated. Univariate analysis revealed that both percent change in coronary blood flow (CBF) and coronary
selleck products artery diameter induced by ACh correlated positively with log-transformed bilirubin (r = 0.22, P < 0.05; r = 0.20, P < 0.05, respectively). Percent change in CBF in response to ACh correlated positively with eGFR (r = 0.24, P < 0.05) and correlated inversely with age, LDL-C, and log-transformed FPG (r = -0.24, P < 0.05; r = -0.17, P < 0.05, r = -0.22, P < 0.05, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that log-transformed bilirubin was the only independent predictor of percent change in CBF in response to ACh. Multivariate analysis revealed that log-transformed hsCRP and HDL-C were independent A-1210477 research buy predictors
of log-transformed bilirubin. These results suggest that a high level of bilirubin is associated with favorable coronary endothelial function, which may be mediated via the effect of bilirubin on inflammation and HDL-C.”
“This paper presents a novel, fast, group-wise registration technique based on establishing soft correspondences between groups of point sets. The registration approach is used to create a statistical shape model, capable of learning the shape variations within a training set. The shape model consists of a mean shape and its transformations to all training shapes. We decouple the procedure into two steps: updating the mean shape and registering it to the training shapes. The algorithm alternates between these two steps until convergence. Following the generation of the statistical shape model, we use the soft correspondence approach to register the model to a new observation. We perform extensive experiments on two data sets: lumbar spine and hippocampi.