According to this definition, dietary fibre includes three categories of edible carbohydrate polymers with ten or more degrees of polymerization (DP) non-hydrolyzed by the human endogenous enzymes in the small intestine. The Codex Alimentarius Commission left to the national authorities the decision on whether also to consider the carbohydrates with 3–9 monomeric Selleckchem GW572016 units (Codex Alimentarius, 2009). As reported by Howlett et al. (2010), the scientific community agrees in maintaining the inclusion of non-digestible carbohydrates with DP in the range of 3–9 as dietary fibre based on their substantiated beneficial physiological
effects. These short-chain carbohydrates are included in the definitions of dietary fibre currently adopted in Brazil and the E.U. (ANVISA, 2003b and EC, 2008). On the other hand, the possibility of changing or maintaining this item in the resolution proposed to be adopted in Brazil is not mentioned (ANVISA, 2011). According to Turner and Lupton (2011), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not yet adopted a definition for dietary fibre and has not stated whether it will include www.selleckchem.com/products/AZD6244.html carbohydrates with DP from
3 to 9. According to this information, the present study considered the short and long-chain fructans given by Beneo P95 and Beneo HP-Gel ingredients, respectively, for the estimates Cobimetinib price of TDF and energy of mousses studied, as well as the evaluation of allowed nutrition claims according to the legislations consulted. The energy from macronutrients for the mousses studied is presented in Table 5. The energy value of mousses ranged from 118.08 kcal/100 g (mousse I) up to 151.12 kcal/100 g (control MF). The nutritional differences of modified mousses in comparison with the control mousse
MF are described in Table 6. Mousse I, with 4 g/100 g of inulin, showed a more pronounced reduction in total energy (21.86% less) comparing to control mousse MF and other mousses without the addition of milk cream (WPC and I–WPC). The protein present in whey protein concentrate added in these later mousses provides more energy (4 kcal/g) than inulin (1.5 kcal/g), in the same proportion. Mousse I–WPC was the second in terms of reduction in energy value, with 17.65% when compared to control MF. Mousses WPC, MF–I and MF–I–WPC showed intermediate reduction in energy value, respectively, 12.68%, 11.35%, and 12.83%. The energy value of mousse MF–WPC reduced less compared to the control (3.95%), due to the lower reduction in fat content (Table 3). Considering their absolute energy content, none of these products could be termed “low energy” or “low calorie” according to the Brazilian, E.U., and U.S.