The exponential parameters of the Gaussians are variationally opt

The exponential parameters of the Gaussians are variationally optimized with the aid of the analytical energy gradient determined with respect to those parameters. The calculated state energies are compared with the available experimental data. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. []“
“Purpose: To determine the rates of globe-sparing treatment and useful final visual function in patients with primary lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct carcinomas treated with multidisciplinary therapy.\n\nMethods: The medical records of 14 patients with primary lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct carcinoma treated at 1 institution were retrospectively reviewed.\n\nResults:

The patients were 9 men and 5 women; the median age at diagnosis was 58.5 years (range, 45-73 years). Seven patients presented with epiphora, 7 with a palpable VX-680 mass in the inferomedial orbit, and 2 with dacryocystitis. In 3 patients, the diagnosis of cancer was not considered

until during or after dacryocystorhinostomy. Seven patients had squamous cell carcinoma, 2 transitional cell carcinoma, 2 adenoid cystic carcinoma, and 1 each adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, and inverted papilloma with carcinoma in situ transformation. Nine Autophagy inhibitor price patients underwent surgical resection of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct and resection of the medial upper and lower eyelids, including canaliculi, partial ethmoidectomy, and medial maxillectomy. One patient underwent lacrimal sac biopsy only as another primary malignancy was FK866 manufacturer discovered during the work-up for systemic disease. Four patients underwent orbital exenteration because of extensive involvement of the orbital soft tissue. Radiotherapy was recommended for 13 patients; in 1 patient, radiotherapy was not recommended because the patient had an inverted papilloma with carcinoma in situ transformation that was completely excised. The median radiation dose was 60 Gy. Eight patients received chemotherapy either concurrent with radiation therapy (5 patients), as neoadjuvant treatment (1 patient), or for progressive or metastatic disease (3 patients). The median follow-up time was 27 months (range, 6-96 months). In

10 patients, the globe was spared. In 9 of these 10 patients, visual acuity was the same as at baseline or better than 20/40 at last follow up.\n\nConclusions: With multidisciplinary therapy, the eye can be spared and reasonable visual function can be preserved in most patients with primary lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct carcinomas.”
“Objective: To investigate experimentally the time dependent changes of latency, amplitude, threshold of neural response in injured rat facial nerve in a nerve-crush trauma model.\n\nMaterials and Methods: Thirty Wistar rats weighing 220-280 g (12-16 week), were grouped for permanent and transient nerve injury during time course analysis of electrophysiological changes at 1st week, and 1st, 3rd and 6th months.

Specific recommendations for advancing HPV research and knowledge

Specific recommendations for advancing HPV research and knowledge among Hispanic populations also are suggested. [PR Health Sci J 2010;3:232-240]“
“Mangrove wetlands are important in the removal of nutrients. heavy metals, and organic pollutants from wastewater within estuarine systems due to the presence of Selleck LBH589 oxidized and reduced conditions, periodic flooding by incoming and outgoing tides, and high clay and organic matter content. This study investigated

the removal efficiency of nutrients and heavy metals from wastewater by the mangrove Sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham in a simulated wetland. Eight different treatments, namely, three concentration levels of wastewaters, with and without planting of the mangrove species, and one control (with salted water) each for both with and without planting of the mangrove species, were employed in this study Results showed that the

amounts of total mangrove biomass from different treatments were in the following order. PL-TW (planted with ten times higher-than-normal wastewater concentration)> PL-FW (planted with five times higher-than-normal wastewater concentration)> PL-SW (planted with normal wastewater concentration)> PL-NW (planted with no wastewater), whereas the magnitude of the heavy metal contents in the biomass was in the following order. Cu > Pb > Cd > Zn. Very good linear correlations existed between the biomass and the nutrients or heavy metals. The Sonneratia apetala LY333531 research buy Buch-Ham species had its own selectivity for uptake of heavy metals regardless of the initial heavy metal contents and was more effective in the Galardin purchase removal of nutrients than heavy metals. Our study suggested that mangrove wetlands with Sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham species had great potential for the removal of nutrients and heavy metals in coastal areas (C) 2010 Elsevier

B.V. All rights reserved”
“Dasatinib is a second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for clinical use in first line and imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia and Philadelphia positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In addition to BCR-ABL1, dasatinib inhibits TEC kinases and SRC family kinases and is more potent than imatinib in the treatment of Ph+ leukemias. In the last 3 years, increases in cytotoxic T and natural-killer cells in peripheral blood samples have been reported in cases treated by dasatinib. The awareness of the clonal expansion of large granular lymphocytes and beneficial effect of these clonal cells increased the interest to dasatinib in cases receiving this drug. Clonal expansion of large granular lymphocytes is an important effect of dasatinib therapy, shown to be an off-target phenomenon associated with pleural effusion and better clinical response. The benefit of dasatinib-induced lymphocytosis and its underlying mechanism of this are important points for clinicians working in hematology and oncology.

The CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc

score performed better than CHADS(2)

The CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc

score performed better than CHADS(2) in predicting stroke/TE in this Chinese AF population. Cumulative survival of the patients at high risk with the CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score (but not using CHADS(2)) was significantly decreased. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The massively parallel sequencing technologies have recently flourished and dramatically cut the cost to sequence personal human CT99021 solubility dmso genomes. Haplotype assembly from personal genomes sequenced using the massively parallel sequencing technologies is becoming a cost-effective and promising tool for human disease study. Computational assembly of haplotypes has been proved to be very accurate, but obviously contains errors. Here we present a tool, HapEdit, to assess the accuracy of assembled haplotypes and edit them manually. Apoptosis inhibitor Using this tool, a user can break erroneous haplotype segments into smaller segments, or concatenate haplotype segments if the concatenated haplotype segments are sufficiently supported. A user can also edit bases with low-quality scores. HapEdit displays haplotype assemblies so that a user can easily navigate and pinpoint a region of interest. As inputs, HapEdit currently takes reads from the Polonator, Illumina,

SOLiD, 454 and Sanger sequencing technologies.”
“Three new copper(II) benzoates coordinated by 1-propanol, [Cu-2(PhCOO)(4)(1-PrOH)(2)] [Cu-2(PhCOO)(4) (H2O)(2)] (3), 1-butarici, [Cu-2(PhCOO)(4)(1-BuOH)(2)] (4) and 1-pentanol, [Cu-2(PhCOO)(4)(1-PentOH)(2)] (5) at the available metal coordination sites, have been prepared and investigated with reference to their X-ray crystal structures. In all cases, dimeric paddle-wheel complexes where two copper(II) ions are held together by four benzoates were found. Moreover, the

complexes show SYN-117 datasheet 1-propanol and water (3), 1-butanol (4) and 1-pentanol (5) coordinated to the free coordination sites of the Cu(II) ions. The dimeric complex units are connected with each other by strong O-H…O hydrogen bonds to form strands linked together via weaker C-H…O and C-H…pi interactions. Comparative discussion including the redetermined crystal structures obtained from copper(II) benzoate in the presence of methanol (1) or ethanol (2) allows to draw argumentation regarding the coordination of linear alcohols in corresponding crystals of paddle-wheel complexes. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Objective: Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a target for cisplatin, which is a widely used platinum drug to treat various cancer, including ovarian cancer. However, to date, the exact role of PP2A in chemoresistance to cisplatin-centered ovarian cancer therapy is not clear.\n\nMethods and Materials: To analyze the function of PP2A in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells, we derived A2780/cisplatin (CDDP), which is resistant to cisplatin, from A2780 cell line.

This review discusses the efficacy of the AIs in improving DDFS i

This review discusses the efficacy of the AIs in improving DDFS in the different adjuvant settings and explores whether significant improvements in DDFS correlate with meaningful improvements in OS or breast cancer-associated mortality. Significant DDFS improvement may be a PRIMA-1MET datasheet quicker, better end point in clinical trials, leading to a more efficient, faster assessment of treatment efficacy.”
“Two strains of Arcobacter butzleri, ATCC 49616 and an

environmental isolate, became nonculturable in seawater microcosms at 4 C by 20 days and at room temperature by 14 days. Nonculturable cells were viable for up to 270 days of incubation in microcosms. Resuscitation of A. butzleri cells from microcosms at both temperatures was achieved 9 days after nutrient addition.”
“For the efficient stimulation of T cells by tumor Ag, tumor-derived material has to be presented by dendritic cells (DC). This very likely involves the uptake of dead tumor cells by DC. Cell death in tumors often occurs through

apoptosis, but necrotic cell death may also be prevalent. This distinction is relevant because numerous studies have proposed that apoptotic cells have immunosuppressive effects while necrosis may be stimulatory. However, a system has been lacking that would allow the induction of apoptosis or necrosis without side effects by the death stimuli used experimentally. In this study, we present such a system

and test its effects on immune cells in vitro. B16 mouse melanoma cells learn more were generated and underwent cell death through the doxycycline-inducible induction of death proteins. In one cell line, the induction of Bim(S), induced rapid apoptosis, in the other line the induction of the FADD death domain induced nonapoptotic/necrotic cell death. Bim(S)-induced apoptosis was associated with the typical morphological and biochemical changes. FADD death domain induced necrosis occurred through a distinct pathway involving RIP1 and the loss of membrane integrity in the absence of apoptotic changes. Apoptotic and necrotic cells were taken up with comparable efficiency by DC. OVA expressed in cells dying by either apoptosis or necrosis was cross-presented to OT-1 T cells and induced their Ro-3306 mouse proliferation. These results argue that it is not the form of cell death but its circumstances that decide the question whether cell death leads to a productive T cell response. The Journal of Immunology, 2009, 182: 4538-4546.”
“Objectives: We investigated the outcomes of reinforcing anastomotic sites using (1) non biodegradable polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) felt, (2) biodegradable polyglycolic acid (PGA) felt, and (3) PGA felt with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in a canine descending thoracic aortic replacement model.

Treatment of RA was at the discretion of the attending physician

Treatment of RA was at the discretion of the attending physician after week 0. The primary endpoint of this study was the percentage of patients who maintained discontinuation of biological agents and LDA for 52 weeks.\n\nResults Twenty-four of the enrolled

patients continued ADA while the rest discontinued ADA after the administration of the drug at week 0. Fourteen of the 22 patients did not restart biological agents, and 4 (18.2%) of these maintained LDA through week 52. All 4 of these patients had received ADA monotherapy before week 0.\n\nConclusion Some RA patients who have selleck products achieved LDA with ADA monotherapy can discontinue the biologic without incurring increased disease activity. A prospective randomized study is required to confirm the results of our study.”
“This opinion article has been written on request because of the recent public controversy over silicone breast implants produced by a now-defunct company, Poly Implant Prosthese (PIP) in France. More than 300,000 PIP devices have been implanted. The purposes of my article are to (1.) provide a general overview of silicone breast implant materials, (2.) to describe the general safety of these

materials as reported to date, and (3.) to summarise current publicly available information about these aspects of the PIP prostheses. The materials covered are the silicone rubber from which the implant shells are made JQEZ5 and the silicone gel used to fill the shell. The materials safety issues are biocompatibility (especially of the gel)

and biodurability of the shell. The literature reviewed indicates that biocompatibility is not an issue with other current generation implants. However, biodurability is. A rough estimate of implant shell rupture rate is similar to 10+% at 10 years. Information is still emerging about the PIP implants. Initial regulatory disclosures suggest the PIP implants may have both biocompatibility and biodurability problems. They also suggest that Sapitinib PIP implants may have been produced using silicone materials not certified as medical grade. Governmental health and regulatory agencies are just now in the process of deciding what actions should be taken to protect patients.”
“The maintenance of climatic conditions that support biotic integrity and human life is a critical aspect of sustainable development Serious instability in global economic and environmental spheres calls for an intensive search for new paradigms guiding human understanding, motivation and action This two-part paper examines how central Buddhist world views and themes can contribute to effectively addressing climate change and other sustainability problems confronting consumer economies.

Subsequent colonization of early crown-group angiosperms occurred

Subsequent colonization of early crown-group angiosperms occurred during the Early Cretaceous, but this alone evidently

did not lead to an immediate and major diversification event in weevils. Comparative trends in weevil diversification and angiosperm dominance reveal that massive diversification began in the mid-Cretaceous (ca. 112.0 to 93.5 Ma), when angiosperms first rose to widespread floristic dominance. These and other evidence suggest a deep and complex history of coevolution between weevils and angiosperms, including codiversification, resource tracking, and sequential evolution.”
“A novel combined procedure for estrogen-affinity purification and labelling of estrogen receptor alpha ligand-binding domain with Cy (TM) 5.5 cystein reactive dye was established. By using this procedure, mainly functional proteins GNS-1480 cost are recovered. It can be easily adapted to a large variety of other proteins for which ligand-coated affinity materials are available. The labelled receptor was used in a total internal reflection fluorescence-based binding inhibition assay for determination of the impact of pollutants in river water on the receptor. The great advantage compared to conventional methods is that the total effect on the receptor is measured instead of concentrations of single compounds and that even currently unknown ligands are found

as well. Therefore, the obtained signal is related to the response of the organism, which is exposed to the water. The limit of detection was found to be 0.139 nM of estradiol equivalents. Sapitinib inhibitor The assay also provides a highly sensitive tool for pharmaceutical research and can be adapted

to diagnostic applications.”
“Cell mechanics is a highly interdisciplinary research area which has made significant progress over the last decade, particularly in the study of human diseases. In diseases such as malaria and cancer, diseased cells undergo changes in both composition and organization of its cellular structures, which may eventually manifest as changes Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor in the cell mechanical properties such as size and shape, deformability and cell adhesion. Despite the development of state-of-the-art experimental tools to manipulate and probe the cellular mechanical properties, microfluidics has emerged as an enabling technology for study of cell and molecular mechanics due to its numerous inherent advantages including small length scale, reduced sample and reagent volumes and low device cost. This paper presents an overview of the recent efforts in the study of cellular biomechanics using microfluidic approaches. Different areas of studies such as probing of cellular mechanical properties, cell separation using physical biomarkers (size, deformability, density) and effect of shear stress on cellular behavior and responses will be highlighted.

In vivo EB administration significantly influenced the epileptifo

In vivo EB administration significantly influenced the epileptifornn activity in gonadal status-dependent manner. The onset of epileptiform discharges was modestly delayed in slices from OVX rats replaced with physiologically relevant doses of EB but the number of discharges was not affected. In contrast, EB administration to gonadally intact rats had robust effects such that: EB delayed the onset of discharges but significantly increased their number within the dentate gyrus network. Our data suggest that EB in physiologically relevant concentrations does not seem to negatively affect hippocampal neuronal excitability, nevertheless supraphysiological

EB levels may enhance DMH1 chemical structure seizure severity. (C) 2013 Alvespimycin Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Mutations in the FERMT1 gene (also known as KIND1), encoding the focal adhesion protein kindlin-1, underlie the Kindler syndrome (KS), an autosomal recessive skin disorder with an intriguing progressive phenotype comprising skin blistering, photosensitivity, progressive poikiloderma with extensive skin atrophy, and propensity to skin cancer. Herein we review the clinical and genetic data of 62 patients, and delineate the natural history of the disorder, for example, age at onset of symptoms, or risk of malignancy.

Although most mutations are predicted to lead to premature termination of translation, and to loss of kindlin-1 function, significant STI571 solubility dmso clinical variability is observed among patients. There is an association of FERMT1 missense and in-frame deletion mutations with milder disease

phenotypes, and later onset of complications. Nevertheless, the clinical variability is not fully explained by genotype-phenotype correlations. Environmental factors and yet unidentified modifiers may play a role. Better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of KS should enable the development of prevention strategies for disease complications. Hum Mutat 32: 1204-1212, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Recently, we found that sphingomyelin bound and activated hepatitis C virus (HCV) 1b RNA polymerase (RdRp), thereby recruiting the HCV replication complex into lipid raft structures. Detergents are commonly used for resolving lipids and purifying proteins, including HCV RdRp. Here, we tested the effect of detergents on HCV RdRp activity in vitro and found that non-ionic (Triton X-100, NP-40, Tween 20, Tween 80, and Brij 35) and twitterionic (CHAPS) detergents activated HCV 1b RdRps by 8-16.6 folds, but did not affect 1a or 2a RdRps. The maximum effect of these detergents was observed at around their critical micelle concentrations. On the other hand, ionic detergents (SDS and DOC) completely inactivated polymerase activity at 0.01%. In the presence of Triton X-100, HCV 1b RdRp did not form oligomers, but recruited more template RNA and increased the speed of polymerization.

When a confirmatory phase III trial will follow if suitable evide

When a confirmatory phase III trial will follow if suitable evidence of efficacy is identified, Bayesian approaches are less controversial than for definitive trials. In the randomised setting, a compromise for obtaining feasible sample sizes is a loss

in certainty in the specified hypotheses: the Bayesian counterpart of power. However, this approach may still be preferable to running a single-arm DZNeP inhibitor trial where no data is collected on the control treatment. This dilemma is present in most phase II trials, where resources are not sufficient to conduct a definitive trial. Copyright (c) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Lysine- and arginine-specific methyltransferases have been shown to act as either direct or secondary transcriptional co-activator of the estrogen receptor (ER alpha). However, little is known about the role of protein t-isoaspartyl O-methyltransferase (PIMT) on transcriptional regulation. Here, we show that PIMT acts as a co-activator for ER alpha-mediated transcription. Activation of the estrogen response element (ERE) promoter by beta-estradiol (E-2) was suppressed by knockdown of PIMT, and enhanced by overexpression of wild-type

PIMT. However, the ERE promoter activity was resistant to E-2 stimulation in cells overexpressing a catalytically inactive PIMT mutant, G88A. Consistent with these results, the expression of the endogenous ER alpha response gene trefoil factor 1 (TFF1) by E-2 was completely abrogated by PIMT depletion and decreased to approximately 50% when PIMT mutant G88A was expressed. In addition, over-expression of PIMT significantly increased the levels of TFF1 mRNA in the presence Entinostat ic50 or absence of E2. Interestingly, PIMT interacted with ER alpha and was distributed to the cytosol and the nucleus. The chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that PIMT was recruited to the promoter of TFF1 gene together with ER alpha in an E-2-dependent manner, which was accompanied by uploading of RNA polymerase II on the promoter. Taken together, the TPCA-1 supplier results suggest that PIMT may act as

a co-activator in ER alpha-mediated transcription through its recruitment to the promoter via interacting with ER alpha. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Infant diet affects health and development. The aim of our study was to investigate WHO infant feeding compliance in children who have a first degree family history of type 1 diabetes (T1D). One hundred and fifty children who were first degree relatives of patients with T1D were intensively followed from birth in the BABYDIET intervention study. Infant feeding, infections, and medication were recorded daily by participating families. Weight and length of children were obtained from paediatric records. Only 5% of the families followed the WHO recommendations for infant feeding that include full breastfeeding for at least 6 months (18.8% of children) and introduction of complementary foods under continued breastfeeding thereafter (22.2% of children).

When orally administered, such devices would be intended to achie

When orally administered, such devices would be intended to achieve pulsatile and/or colonic time-dependent delivery of drugs. An in-depth evaluation of thermal, rheological, and mechanical characteristics of melt formulations/molded items made of the selected polymer (Klucel (R) LF) with increasing amounts of plasticizer (polyethylene glycol 1500, 5%15% by weight) was preliminarily carried out. On the basis of the results obtained, a new mold was designed that allowed, through an automatic manufacturing cycle of 5?s duration, matching cap and body items to be prepared. These were subsequently filled and

coupled to give a closed device Z-DEVD-FMK Apoptosis inhibitor of constant 600 mu m thickness. As compared with previous IM systems having the same composition, such capsules showed improved closure mechanism, technological properties, Selleck AZD6738 especially in terms of reproducibility of the shell thickness, and release performance. Moreover, the ability of the capsular container to impart a constant lag phase before the liberation of the contents was demonstrated irrespective of the conveyed formulation. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 102:489499, 2013″
“Wang L, Mascher H, Psilander N, Blomstrand E, Sahlin K. Resistance exercise enhances the molecular signaling of mitochondrial biogenesis induced by endurance exercise in human skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol

111: 1335-1344, 2011. First published August 11, 2011; doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00086.2011.-Combining endurance and strength training (concurrent training) may change the adaptation compared with single mode training. However, the site of interaction and the mechanisms are unclear. We have investigated the hypothesis that molecular signaling of mitochondrial biogenesis after endurance exercise is impaired by resistance exercise. Ten healthy subjects performed either only endurance exercise (E; 1-h cycling at similar to 65% of maximal oxygen uptake), or

endurance exercise followed by resistance exercise (ER; 1-h cycling + 6 sets of leg press at 70-80% of 1 repetition maximum) in a randomized cross-over design. Muscle biopsies were obtained before and after exercise (1 and 3 h postcycling). The mRNA of genes related to mitochondrial biogenesis [(peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 (PGC-1)alpha, signaling pathway PGC-1-related coactivator (PRC)] related coactivator) and substrate regulation (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4) increased after both E and ER, but the mRNA levels were about twofold higher after ER (P < 0.01). Phosphorylation of proteins involved in the signaling cascade of protein synthesis [mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), ribosomal S6 kinase 1, and eukaryotic elongation factor 2] was altered after ER but not after E. Moreover, ER induced a larger increase in mRNA of genes associated with positive mTOR signaling (cMyc and Rheb).

However, one study has reported that percentage body fat decrease

However, one study has reported that percentage body fat decreased by 3.2% after 8 months after VbX in comparison with resistance and control groups that performed no aerobic conditioning. The evidence to date suggests that VbX can increase whole and local oxygen uptake; however, with additional load, high vibration frequency, and/or amplitude, it cannot match the demands of conventional aerobic exercise. Therefore, caution is required when VbX programs are solely used

for the purpose of reducing body fat without considering dietary and aerobic conditioning guidelines.”
“Objectives Studies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA) and mice with arthritis demonstrated tyrosine hydroxylase-positive (TH+) cells in arthritic synovium

and parallel loss of sympathetic nerve fibres. The exact function of TH+ cells and mode of TH induction are not known. Methods Synovial cells of RA/OA were isolated and cultured under normoxic/hypoxic conditions with/without stimulating enzyme cofactors of TH and inhibitors of TH. We studied TH expression and release of cytokines/catecholamines. In vivo function was tested by cell therapy with TH+ neuronal precursor cells (TH+ neuronal cells) in DBA/1 mice with collagen type II-induced arthritis (CIA). Results Compared with normoxic conditions, hypoxia increased TH protein expression and catecholamine synthesis and decreased release

of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in OA/RA synovial cells. This inhibitory Acalabrutinib mouse effect on TNF was reversed by TH inhibition with alpha-methylpara-tyrosine (alpha MPT), which was particularly evident under hypoxic conditions. Incubation with specific TH cofactors selleck chemical (tetrahydrobiopterin and Fe2+) increased hypoxia-induced inhibition of TNF, which was also reversed by aMPT. To address a possible clinical role of TH+ cells, murine TH+ neuronal cells were generated from mesenchymal stem cells. TH+ neuronal cells exhibited a typical catecholaminergic phenotype. Adoptive transfer of TH+ neuronal cells markedly reduced CIA in mice, and 6-hydroxydopamine, which depletes TH+ cells, reversed this effect. Conclusions The anti-inflammatory effect of TH+ neuronal cells on experimental arthritis has been presented for the first time. In RA/OA, TH+ synovial cells have TH-dependent anti-inflammatory capacities, which are augmented under hypoxia. Using generated TH+ neuronal cells might open new avenues for cell-based therapy.”
“This study compares the impact of obesogenic environment (OE) in six different periods of development on sperm parameters and the testicular structure of adult rats and their correlations with sex steroid and metabolic scenario.