dium iodide as reported PI fluorescence was detected with the FL

dium iodide as reported. PI fluorescence was detected with the FL2 emission channel. The per centage of dead cells was determined as the percentage of PI cells in a FL1 versus FL2 plot after subtracting the percentage of PI cells from the mock transfected cells. DNA microarray analysis The microarray analysis was sellckchem performed as described in the Affymetrix expression analysis technical manual. Total RNA was extracted from three different cell populations, i sorted TRH GFP cells, ii TRH GFP and GFP mixed cells passed through the FACS but not sorted, and iii non transfected cells. To obtain a sufficient amount of RNA for each cell population, the number of independent experiments pooled for the GFP sample was higher than for the other samples.

Therefore, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries a pool of six independent experiments was used to prepare total RNA from the GFP and three independent experiments for GFP or NT cells. The microarray target was synthesized from total RNA. RNA was reverse transcribed into double stranded cDNA with a T7 promoter containing primer using SuperScript II reverse transcriptase, RNase H, and DNA polymerase. Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries After precipitation Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries with 5M NH4OAc and ethanol, the cDNA was used as a template in a biotin labeled in vitro transcription reaction. Resulting target cRNA was col lected on RNAeasy columns and then fragmented for hybridization on the microarrays. The rat U34A microarray from Affymetrix was used. It contains probes for approximately 7699 well annotated genes and around 1130 expressed sequence tags from Rattus norvegicus. Probes consist of 16 pairs of 25 mer oligonucleotides for each gene.

One member of each pair contains a single base point mutation, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries and the AV-951 sig nals of the pairs are compared to assess specificity of hybridization. Biotinylated target cRNA was hybridized to the array and then processed using the Affymetrix GeneChip Fluidics Workstation 400. After binding with phycoerythrin coupled avidin, microarrays were scanned on a Hewlett Packard Gene Array Scanner. Data were depos ited in the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus repository with the accession number GSE28441. Results were analyzed using Affymetrix MAS 5. 0 soft ware. Individual microarrays were scaled to produce a mean signal intensity of 125. Iterative comparisons of dif ferent microarray datasets were done with MAS 5. 0 com parison analysis as previously described with modifications.

To determine the expression difference between the GFP and GFP cell populations, an additional approach was adopted. This involved grouping the two replicates of the control and the sorted sam ple. Briefly, selleck bio signal intensities of the two repli cates of control and sorted datasets were averaged to represent the expression level of a transcript in the respec tive control and sorted populations. These averaged inten sities were then used to calculate the fold enrichment in expression in sorted sample over control for each tran script. To identify transcripts that are enriched in one sample but underrepresented in t

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