In heart tissue, following quantitative image analysis, we observed 77 proteins that were significantly altered across the three treatment groups (ANOVA, p<0.05). Principal component and clustering analyses revealed LN and TT to be equally beneficial. These findings were confirmed by MS identification of the significantly altered proteins. In brain tissue, 189 proteins were significantly differentially expressed across the three treatment groups (ANOVA, p<0.05). Brain tissue appeared to be more responsive to TT than heart and distinct clusters of differentially expressed proteins were observed across treatments. Overall,
TT of brain tissue appears to have beneficial effects on protein stabilisation during sample preparation with preservation of high-molecular-weight proteins
and reduction in protein fragmentation.”
“A growing body of evidence suggests selleck chemical the involvement of L-arginine and its metabolites in the ageing and neurodegenerative processes. The present study assessed behavioural performance in 4- (young), 12- (middle-aged) and 24- (aged) month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, and investigated age-related changes in the activity of two key arginine metabolic enzymes, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and arginase, and the levels of L-arginine and its downstream metabolites in a number of memory-related brain structures. Aged rats were less anxious and performed poorly in the water maze task relative to the young and middle-aged see more rats, and both middle-aged and aged rats displayed reduced exploratory activity relative to the young ones. There were significant age-related changes in NOS and arginase activities, and the levels of L-arginine, L-citrulline,
L-ornithine, agmatine, putrescine, spermidine, spermine and glutamate, but not gamma-aminobutyric acid, in the CA1, CA2/3 and dentate gyrus sub-regions of the hippocampus and the prefrontal, entorhinal, perirhinal, postrhinal and temporal (an auditory cortex) cortices in a region-specific manner. Cluster analyses revealed that the nine related neurochemical variables formed distinct groups, which changed as a function of ageing. Multiple regression analyses revealed a number of significant correlations between the neurochemical and behavioural variables. The present study further supports the involvement of arginine metabolism in the ageing process, and provides further buy Blasticidin S evidence of the effects of animals’ behavioural experience on arginine metabolism. (C) 2012 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is one of the most important agents causing upper respiratory infection in infants. The susceptibility of the PER.C6 cell line for infection with clinical HRSV strains was investigated. During the HRSV season of 2006/2007 in Belgium, 90 isolates were inoculated into the PER.C6 and HEp-2 cells and viral growth was evaluated by quantification of the extracellular viral RNA concentration.