low-CP, 170 g of CP/kg) and diet quality (high-quality, cooked cereals, and animal protein vs. low-quality, raw cereals, and plant protein). Diets were fed ad libitum for 14 d postweaning to pigs weaned at 29.4 +/- 3.1 d of age and 9.9 +/- 1.0 kg of BW. From d 14 to slaughter at 104 +/- 3 kg, all pigs were
fed the same series of standard commercial diets. There were 15 replicates per treatment in the weaner phase (< 30 selleck kinase inhibitor kg) and 5 replicates per treatment in the grower-finisher phase (> 30 kg). High-quality diets promoted gut health as indicated by improved fecal lactobacilli to coliform ratio (P = 0.002) and decreased fecal entero-toxigenic Escherichia coli counts on d 11 postweaning (P = 0.028), reducing the risk of postweaning diarrhea and improving pig health from weaning to the end of the weaner phase. Reducing CP content had no effect on gut health. High-CP
(P = 0.053) and high-quality (P = 0.025) diets independently increased ADG during the Sirtuin inhibitor first 14 d postweaning compared with low-CP and low-quality diets, respectively. There were no interactions between dietary CP content and quality on any of the response criteria investigated. Despite differences in the immediate postweaning period, there was no effect of manipulating diet quality or CP content for 2 wk postweaning on lifetime performance with pigs reaching slaughter KPT-8602 datasheet weight in 128 +/- 7 d. These results indicate that high-quality diets may protect pig gut health during the immediate postweaning period. However, it may be possible to use less expensive, decreased quality weaner diets without any adverse effects on long-term performance when
weaning older, heavier pigs and where health status, environmental control, and stock management are all maintained to a high standard.”
“We explore the possibility to define an effective mass parameter to describe hole transport in inversion layers in bulk MOSFETs and silicon-on-insulator devices. To do so, we employ an accurate and computationally efficient self-consistent simulator based on the six-band k . p model. The valence band structure is computed for different substrate orientations and silicon layer thicknesses and is then characterized through the calculation of different effective masses taking account of the channel direction. The effective masses for quantization and density of states are extracted from the computed energy levels and subband populations, respectively. For the transport mass, a weighted averaging procedure is introduced and justified by comparing the results with hole mobility from experiments and simulations. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3639281]“
“Limited data exist on the effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) on anti-HLA antibodies as determined by solid-phase assays.