The morphologically distinct cactus parasite T aphyllus likely arose in sympatry from an unspecialized tree parasite, T. corymbosus, after a host switch. The present day haplotype distribution is complex and resulted from post-glaciation migrations from multiple Pleistocene refugia.”
“Background: Medication non-adherence leads to a vast range of negative outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. An automated web-based system managing short message service
(SMS) reminders is a telemedicine approach to optimise adherence among patients who frequently forget to take their medications or miss the timing. Aim: This paper sought to investigate the effect of automated SMS-based reminders on medication adherence in patients after hospital discharge following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: An interventional ASP2215 concentration study was conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia. A total of 62 patients with ACS were equally randomised to receive either automated SMS reminders before every intake
of cardiac medications or only usual care within eight weeks after discharge. The primary outcome was adherence to cardiac medications. Secondary outcomes were the heart functional status, and ACS-related hospital readmission and death rates. Results: There was a higher medication adherence level in the intervention group rather than the usual care group, ((2) (2)=18.614, p smaller than 0.001). The risk of being low adherent among the control group was 4.09 times greater than GANT61 mouse the intervention group (relative risk =4.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.82-9.18). A meaningful difference was found in heart functional status between the two study groups with better results among patients who received SMS reminders, ((2) (1) = 16.957, p smaller than 0.001). Conclusion: An automated SMS-based reminder system can potentially enhance medication adherence in ACS patients Natural Product Library during the early post-discharge period.”
“Background: Women with a significant family history of breast cancer are often offered
more intensive and earlier surveillance than is offered to the general population in the National Breast Screening Programme. Up to now, this strategy has not been fully evaluated.\n\nObjective: To evaluate the benefit of mammographic surveillance for women aged 40-49 years at moderate risk of breast cancer due to family history. The study is referred to as FH01.\n\nDesign: This was a single-arm cohort study with recruitment taking place between January 2003 and February 2007. Recruits were women aged < 50 years with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer conferring at least a 3% risk of breast cancer between ages 40 and 49 years. The women were offered annual mammography for at least 5 years and observed for the occurrence of breast cancer during the surveillance period. The age group 40-44 years was targeted so that they would still be aged < 50 years after 5 years of surveillance.