The primary purpose of the

The primary purpose of the survey was to focus training and stewardship programmes; in particular, the education and training of

smallholders. The 2004 survey showed that 14.0% of users had ever experienced a health effect due to the use of crop protection chemicals, but it also showed that there was a small population of users (1.6%) who reported that they experienced health problems every time that they used certain products. However, the information collected in the 2004 survey about crop protection-related incidents was limited, and did not permit a detailed investigation of the causes and types of health effects. The survey was extended in 2005 and 2006 to a further 6,359 users in 24 countries, SAHA cell line including six of the eight countries surveyed in 2004, and the questionnaire

was Selleck QNZ expanded to collect information about the numbers and nature of health incidents experienced by users in the last 12 months, the products that were causing problems, the symptoms experienced by users and the circumstances in which these health incidents were experienced. Syngenta made the data from the survey available to the authors to permit independent analysis and to make the findings accessible to a wider audience. Matthews (2008) has reported on the KAP of users in the 2004, 2005 and 2006 surveys, but only reported briefly on the health effects reported by users. This report presents detailed information on the causes and types of health incidents reported during 2005 and NADPH-cytochrome-c2 reductase 2006 by users.

Syngenta have stated they will be taking into account both reports in the development of their stewardship plans. The survey was conducted in regions where the use of pesticides is moderate to very intensive and the practices of users were considered to be less well developed. It was largely targeted at smallholders who spray pesticides on smaller than average holdings, as such users are believed to be amongst the least likely to receive training in the use of agrochemicals. Only users of knapsacks and hand held fixed line GW786034 solubility dmso sprayers were recruited as they are considered to have a higher risk of exposure to pesticides than those using mechanized vehicle (tractor) sprayers (Matthews 2002).

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