These findings

suggest that Reelin near the central canal

These findings

suggest that Reelin near the central canal induces cofilin phosphorylation in SPNs, thereby preventing them from aberrant migration towards the central canal. The results extend our previous studies on cortical neurons in which Reelin in the marginal zone was found to stabilize the leading processes of migrating neurons and terminate the migration process. The extracellular matrix protein Reelin is known to control the formation of laminated brain structures during development (Rakic & Caviness, 1995; Curran & D’Arcangelo, 1998; Frotscher, 1998; Rice & Curran, 2001; Tissir & Goffinet, 2003; Soriano & Del Rio, 2005; Förster et al., 2006a,b, 2010; Cooper, 2008). Reelin binds to the lipoprotein receptors apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2) and very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) (D’Arcangelo et al., 1999; Hiesberger et al., 1999; Trommsdorff et al., 1999); the intracellular

RNA Synthesis inhibitor domains of these receptors interact with an adapter protein, Disabled1 (Dab1) (Howell et al., 1997, 1999; Sheldon et al., 1997; Ware et al., 1997; Lambert de Rouvroit & Goffinet, 1998; Trommsdorff et al., 1999). Eventually, the Reelin signalling cascade involves cytoskeletal proteins; however, the precise mechanisms by which Reelin regulates migratory processes have remained unclear. There is evidence that Reelin acts as a stop signal (Frotscher, 1998), because the marginal zone of the cortex containing Reelin-synthesizing Cajal-Retzius NVP-LDE225 cost cells is avoided by migrating neurons in wild-type animals but is densely populated in Reelin-deficient reeler mutants. Functioning as a stop signal would indicate that Reelin interferes with the cytoskeletal reorganization that takes place in migration-associated changes in cell shape. We have indeed shown that Reelin stabilizes the actin cytoskeleton of migrating cortical neurons by inducing the phosphorylation of cofilin

at serine3 (Chai et al., 2009). In its phosphorylated form, cofilin is unable to depolymerize F-actin, which results in cytoskeletal stabilization and migratory arrest. Here we provide evidence for Reelin located in the vicinity of the Vasopressin Receptor central canal to phosphorylate cofilin in sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs), thereby preventing them from aberrant migration towards the central canal. In contrast, in reeler mutants, and in mutants lacking the Reelin receptor ApoER2 or Dab1, SPNs are not immunoreactive for phosphorylated cofilin, show aberrant medial migration and are eventually clustered around the central canal. Reeler mice (B6C3Fe-a/a-rlnrl, n = 34) and their wild-type littermates (n = 51) were from our own colony at the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Freiburg (originally purchased from the Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbour, ME, USA); apoer2−/− mutants (n = 18), vldlr−/− mutants (n = 23) and dab1−/− mutants (n = 5) were obtained from Dr J. Herz (Department of Molecular Genetics, UT Southwestern, Dallas, TX, USA).

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