coli strains that can cause serious health risks to humans who dr

coli strains that can cause serious health risks to humans who drink raw water from this river, or in the case that consumption JQ-EZ-05 order of treated drinking water coincides with failed drinking water processes.”
“A method involving reverse transcription and real-time polymerase chain reaction

(PCR) was developed in this study to detect the effects of the antiviral compound propionylshikonin on the binding of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) RNA and tobacco mRNA to wheat germ ribosome in vitro. TMV RNA-wheat germ ribosome and tobacco mRNA-wheat germ ribosome binding systems were constructed, and the TMV RNA-ribosome and tobacco mRNA-ribosome complexes were isolated from the binding systems using 30% sucrose cushion. The target genes for the quantitative detection of TMV RNA and tobacco mRNA were the TMV coat protein gene and tobacco elongation factor-1 alpha gene, respectively. The designed protocol was efficient for rapid and conclusive determination of the variations LY2835219 supplier in the bound TMV RNA and tobacco mRNA from the complexes with and without propionylshikonin. The inhibition rates, ranging from 26.4% to 63.6%, were detected in the bound TMV RNA with 2-10 mu g/mL propionylshikonin in the binding systems. The amount of bound tobacco mRNA did not decrease in the presence of propionylshikonin, indicating

that propionylshikonin did not inhibit the binding of tobacco mRNA to wheat germ ribosome. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study on the interactions among an anti-TMV agent, TMV RNA, and a host using real-time PCR to be reported. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Context. Diverse physiological or pathological events which are stimulated or contributed by HGF/c-Met pathway overlap by processes that play roles in etiopathogenesis of diabetes.\n\nObjective. In this study, it was aimed to analyse hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor c-Met by immunohistochemistry

in the heart and aorta tissues of diabetic and insulin-treated diabetic rats.\n\nSubjects and Methods. Accordingly, 21 rats were (equally) divided into three groups: Control (C), Diabetic (D), and Insulin-treated Diabetic (D + I). Rats were treated with Streptozotocin (STZ) (45 mg/kg, i.p.) to induce diabetes. Rats in the control group were given saline once a day for 8 weeks, while rats in the D + I group received 6 U/kg NPH insulin once daily for 8 weeks. The heart and aorta tissues were examined with immunohistochemistry, using antibodies against HGF and c-Met.\n\nResults. HGF and c-Met expressions were observed to be increased both in heart and aorta tissues in group D, whereas they decreased in group D+I.\n\nConclusions. As a result, insulin treatment was determined to have a reducing effect on the increased expression of HGF and c-Met in diabetic heart and aorta.

These data demonstrate that control of differentiation specific t

These data demonstrate that control of differentiation specific transcription factors through mRNA degradation is required for progenitor cell maintenance in mammalian tissue.”
“The integral interaction of signaling components in the regulation of visceral inflammation-induced central sensitization in the spinal cord has not been well studied. Here we report that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent Akt activation and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) in lumbosacral

spinal cord independently regulate the activation of cAMP response element-binding protein learn more (CREB) in vivo in a rat visceral pain model of cystitis induced by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide (CYP). We demonstrate that suppression of endogenous PI3K/Akt activity with a potent PI3K inhibitor Etomoxir mouse LY294002 reverses CYP-induced phosphorylation of CREB, however, it has no effect on CYP-induced phosphorylation of NR1 at Ser(897) and Ser(896); conversely, inhibition

of NMDAR in vivo with MK801 fails to block CYP-induced Akt activation but significantly attenuates CYP-induced CREB phosphorylation in lumbosacral spinal cord. This novel interrelationship of PI3K/Akt, NMDAR, and CREB activation in lumbosacral spinal cord is further confirmed in an ex vivo spinal slice culture system exposed to an excitatory neurotransmitter calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Consistently we found that CGRP-triggered CREB activation can be blocked by both PI3K( inhibitor LY294002 and NMDAR antagonists MK801 and D-AP5. However, CGRP-triggered Akt activation cannot be blocked by MK801 or D-AP5; vice versa, LY294002 pretreatment that suppresses the Akt activity fails to reverse CGRP-elicited NR1 phosphorylation. These results suggest that PI3K/Akt and NMDAR independently regulate

spinal plasticity in visceral pain model, and target of a single pathway is FRAX597 in vivo necessary but not sufficient in treatment of visceral hypersensitivity. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Recent evidence demonstrating that exposure to rapamycin during viral infection increased the quantity and quality of Ag-specific T cells poses an intriguing paradox, because rapamycin is used in transplantation to dampen, rather than enhance, donor-reactive T cell responses. In this report, we compared the effects of rapamycin on the Ag-specific T cell response to a bacterial infection versus a transplant. Using a transgenic system in which the Ag and the responding T cell population were identical in both cases, we observed that treatment with rapamycin augmented the Ag-specific T cell response to a pathogen, whereas it failed to do so when the Ag was presented in the context of a transplant.

Most frequent clinical signs were apathy, dehydration, light to s

Most frequent clinical signs were apathy, dehydration, light to severe ruminal bloat with reduced or absent motility, splashing sound during right flank ballottement, ping and a distended viscera-like structure in the side of the displacement; liquid, blackish and fetid feces. Hematology reveals leukocytosis with neutrophilia and hyperfibrinogenemia in most cases. Ruminal fluid analysis showed compromised flora and fauna dynamics and increased chloride ion concentration in 93.9% of the cases achieving the media index of 47.66 mEq/L. Clinical and surgical recovery rate achieved

100% and 72.2%, respectively. Those methods described are viable options for the treatment of light and severe displacements but the prevention remains the best choice.”
“Friction-stir (FS) processing was used to modify the coarse, fully lamellar microstructure of investment cast and hot isostatically pressed (HIP’ed) Ti-6Al-4V. The effect of FS processing on mechanical selleck kinase inhibitor properties was investigated using microtensile and four-point bend fatigue testing. The tensile results showed a typical microstructure dependence

where yield strength and ultimate tensile strength both increased with decreasing slip length. Depending on the processing parameters, fatigue strength at 10(7) cycles was increased by 20 pct or 60 pct over that of the investment cast and HIP’ed base material. These improvements ATM inhibitor have been verified with a statistically significant number of tests. The results have been discussed in terms of the resistance of each microstructure fatigue crack initiation and small crack propagation. For comparison, a limited number of fatigue tests was performed on alpha + beta forged Ti-6Al-4V with Ferroptosis assay varying primary alpha volume fraction and also on investment cast material heat treated to produce a bi-lamellar condition.”
“Nuclear DNA-binding protein high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) acts as a late mediator of severe vascular inflammatory conditions, such as sepsis. Activated factor X (FXa) is an important player in

the coagulation cascade responsible for thrombin generation, and it influences cell signalling in various cell types by activating protease-activated receptors (PARs). However, the effect of FXa on HMGB1-induced inflammatory response has not been studied. First, we addressed this issue by monitoring the effects of post-treatment with FXa on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-mediated release of HMGB1 and HMGB1-mediated regulation of pro-inflammatory responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and septic mice. Post-treatment with FXa was found to suppress LPS-mediated release of HMGB1 and HMGB1-mediated cytoskeletal rearrangements. FXa also inhibited HMGB1-mediated hyperpermeability and leukocyte migration in septic mice. In addition, FXa inhibited the production of tumour necrosis factor-a and interleukin (IL)-1 beta.

Contrary to more serious smallpox vaccine

Contrary to more serious smallpox vaccine click here reactions, post-vaccinial non-viral folliculitis has a benign course and resolves spontaneously within approximately 7 days. We describe additional histopathologic findings associated with post-vaccinial non-viral folliculitis, which has only been described once previously. New findings include the presence of a neutrophilic or lymphohistiocytic infiltrate that

is concentrated around the hair follicles. We compare our findings to the follicular nature of varicella and herpes zoster infections, generating the hypothesis of deposition of vaccinia protein within folliculosebaceous units as a potential pathophysiologic mechanism behind post-vaccinial non-viral folliculitis.”
“Objective: Laparoscopic entry techniques vary and still remain debated. We conducted a randomized ERK inhibitor cost control trial to compare three entry techniques.\n\nStudy design: Women aged 18-70 years, nominated for laparoscopic surgery at University of Rome Campus Bio-Medico, were randomized into three different groups: Veress needle (VER), Direct trocar insertion (DIR) and Open technique (OP). For each group, minor complications (extra-peritoneal insufflation, trocar site bleeding, omental injury and surgical site infection), failed entry and time of entry of the main trocar were evaluated. Major complications were also considered. Between-group

comparisons were performed using chi-square test. Significance P value was <0.05.\n\nResults: A series of 595 consecutive procedures were included: 193 in the VER group, 187 in the DIR group and 215 in the OP group. Minor complications occurred in 36 cases: extraperitoneal insufflation (n = 6) in the VER group only, site bleeding (n = 2 in the VER group, n = 2 in the DIR group and n = 1 in the OP group), site infection (n = 5 in PXD101 concentration the VER and 11 = 6 in OP group), and omental injury (n = 6 in the VER group and n = 3 in the DIR group). Failed entry occurred in 4 cases of the VER group and 1 case of the DIR group. Mean time of entry was 212.4, 71.4 and 161.7 s for the VER, DIR and OP groups respectively. Among

major complications, one bowel injury resulted following the Veress technique.\n\nConclusions: In our series, DIR and OP entry presented a lower risk of minor complications compared with VER. In addition, time of entry was shorter in DIR than with OP entry. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Aortobronchial fistula (ABF) in the setting of aortic coarctation repair is very rare but uniformly fatal if untreated. Endovascular stenting of the descending aorta is now the first-choice approach for ABF presenting with haemoptysis and offers a less-invasive technique with improved outcomes, compared with open repair. We report a case of late ABF occurring following bypass for aortic coarctation.

Visfatin induces cholesterol accumulation in macrophages and acce

Visfatin induces cholesterol accumulation in macrophages and accelerates the process of atherosclerosis mainly through modulating the expression of SR-A and CD36.”
“Omentin-1, a visceral fat

depot-specific secretory protein, is inversely correlated with obesity and insulin resistance. We investigated, in rats, the effects of chronic omentin-1 administration (8 mu g/kg, intraperitoneally, once daily for 14-days) on feeding behavior and related hypothalamic peptides and neurotransmitters. find more Food intake and body weight were recorded daily throughout the study. We found a significantly increased food intake compared to controls, but only in days 10-14, while body weight significantly increased since day 12 (P< 0.05). Compared with vehicle, omentin-1 treatment led to a significant reduction in both cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) (P< 0.05) and corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) (P< 0.05) gene expression, while pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), agouti-related peptide (AgRP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and orexin-A gene expression buy AR-13324 were not modified with respect to vehicle-treated rats. We also found an increase in hypothalamic levodopa (L-dopa) (P< 0.05) and norepinephrine (NE) (P< 0.01) synthesis, without any effect on dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT)

metabolism. Furthermore, in hypothalamic synaptosomes, omentin-1 (10-100 ng/ml) stimulated basal NE release (ANOVA, P< 0.0001; post hoc, P< 0.001 vs.

vehicle), in a dose-dependent manner, leaving unaffected both basal and depolarization-induced DA and 5-HT release. Finally, when synaptosomes were co-perfused with leptin and omentin-1, we observed that leptin was able to reverse omentin-1-induced stimulation of NE. In conclusion, the orexigenic effects of omentin-1 could be related, at least in part, to decreased CART and CRH gene expression and increased NE synthesis and release in the hypothalamus. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Adhesion of cancer cells to endothelium is considered an essential step in metastasis. However, we have shown in a previous study that when rat colon cancer cells are administered to the vena portae, they get stuck selleck screening library mechanically in liver sinusoids. Then, endothelial cells retract rapidly and cancer cells bind to hepatocytes. We investigated the molecular nature of these interactions between colon cancer cells and hepatocytes. Cancer cells in coculture with hepatocytes became rapidly activated with distinct morphological changes. Cancer cells formed long cytoplasmic protrusions towards hepatocytes in their close vicinity and these protrusions attached to microvilli of hepatocytes. Then, adhering membrane areas were formed by both cell types. Integrin subunits alpha v, alpha 6 and beta 1 but not alpha L, beta 2, beta 3 and CD44 and CD44v6 were expressed on the cancer cells.

Schizoid personality disorder was associated with helpless/inadeq

Schizoid personality disorder was associated with helpless/inadequate responses. Positive countertransference was associated with avoidant personality disorder, which was also related to both parental/protective and special/overinvolved therapist responses.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder was negatively associated with special/overinvolved therapist responses. In general, therapists’ responses were Characterized by stronger negative feelings when working with lower-functioning patients. Conclusions: Patients’ specific personality pathologies are associated with consistent emotional responses, which suggests that clinicians can make diagnostic and therapeutic use of their responses to patients.”
“Purpose: miR21, miR146, and miR155 represent a trio Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor of microRNAs which has been shown to play a key role in the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses. In the present study, we investigated the differential expression and clinical significance of these three miRNAs in glioneuronal tumors (gangliogliomas, GGs) which are characterized by prominent activation

of the innate immune response. Methods: The expression levels of miR21, miR146, and miR155 were evaluated using Taqman PCR in 34 GGs, including 15 cases with sufficient amount of perilesional cortex. Their expression was correlated with the tumor features and the clinical history of epilepsy. In addition, in situ hybridization was used

to evaluate their cellular distribution in both see more tumor and peritumoral cortex. Results: Increased expression of miR146a was observed in both tumor and peritumoral cortex PU-H71 nmr compared to control samples. miR146a was detected in both neuronal and astroglial cells. Tumor and peritumoral miR146a expression was negatively correlated with frequency of seizures and the density of activated microglial cells. Neuronal and astroglial expression was observed for both miR21 and miR155 with increased expression of miR21 within the tumor and miR155 in the peritumoral region. Negative correlations were observed between the miRNA levels and the expression of putative targets within the astroglial component of the tumor. Conclusion: We report a differential regulation of three miRNAs, known to be related to inflammation, in both tumor and peritumoral cortex of patients with GG. Moreover, our findings suggest a functional relationship between miR146a expression and epilepsy, either directly in epileptogenesis or as modulation of seizure activity.”
“Melatonin exerts many physiological functions via its G protein-coupled receptors. In the present study, we investigated age-related changes in MT2 melatonin receptor immunoreactivity and its levels in the gerbil hippocampus during normal aging. In the postnatal month 1 (PM 1) group, MT2 immunoreaction was well observed in neurons in all subregions of the gerbil hippocampus.

The ethyl benzo[f]coumarin carboxylate were subjected to react wi

The ethyl benzo[f]coumarin carboxylate were subjected to react with other reagents to synthesize thiazolidinyl and oxadiazolyl derivatives attached to benzocoumarin system. Some of novel synthesized compounds showed highly antibacterial and antifungal activities.”
“Sorbitol is often used at 1 mol/liter as an osmotic stabilizer for cultivation of fungi with a fragile cell wall phenotype. On the other hand, at this concentration sorbitol causes an osmotic stress in fungal cells resulting NF-��B inhibitor in intensive production of intracellular glycerol. The highly increased consumption of glucose for glycerol synthesis may lead to changes in processes requiring carbohydrate residues. This

study provides new information on the consequences of osmotic stress to the cell wall composition, protein production and glycosylation, and cell morphology of Trichoderma reesei.\n\nWe observed that high osmolarity conditions enhanced biomass production and strongly LBH589 cost limited synthesis of cell wall glucans and chitin. Moreover, in these conditions the amount of secreted protein decreased nearly ten-fold and expression of cbh1 and cbh2 genes coding for cellobiohydrolase I and cellobiohydrolase II, the main secretory proteins in T. reesei, was inhibited resulting in a lack of the proteins in the cell and cultivation medium. The activity of DPM synthase, enzyme engaged in both N- and O-glycosylation pathways, was reduced two-fold,

suggesting an overall inhibition of protein glycosylation. However, the two modes of glycosylation were affected divergently: O-glycosylation of secreted proteins decreased in the early stages of growth while N-glycosylation significantly increased in the stationary phase. (C) 2010 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Studies based on continuous monitoring of diel changes in dissolved

oxygen concentration allow the estimation of ecosystem metabolism and provide a measure of the overall trophic processes of an ecosystem. In this study, net ecosystem production (NEP), community/ecosystem respiration (R), and gross primary production (GPP) rates were estimated in relation to physicochemical and climatic variables for 18 months in La Salada, a saline shallow lake. Net autotrophic conditions prevailed during the study period (NEP: 64.05 +/- A 44.22 mmol O-2 m(-2) day(-1)). GPP and R were positively correlated and were synchronized this website on a daily timescale, with GPP typically greater than R. Principal component analysis revealed that monthly rates of GPP, R, and NEP responded, as expected, to temperature and light seasonal patterns. Water level and conductivity fluctuations, because of evapoconcentration and water management, were relevant as a driver of the physicochemical and biological characteristics of the lake. In saline lakes as La Salada, an adequate management of water resources will be relevant to maintain the ecosystem equilibrium and the quality of its resources.

(C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved “
“Loss of mitoch

(C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Loss of mitochondrial function often leads to neurodegeneration and is thought to be one of the underlying

causes of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease PFTα mouse (PD). However, the precise events linking mitochondrial dysfunction to neuronal death remain elusive. PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) and Parkin (Park), either of which, when mutated, are responsible for early-onset PD, mark individual mitochondria for destruction at the mitochondrial outer membrane. The specific molecular pathways that regulate signaling between the nucleus and mitochondria to sense mitochondrial dysfunction under normal physiological conditions are not well understood. Here, we show that Drosophila Clueless (Clu), a highly conserved protein required for normal mitochondrial function,

can associate with Translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) 20, Porin and PINK1, and is thus located at the mitochondrial outer membrane. Previously, we found that clu genetically interacts with park in Drosophila female germ cells. Here, we show that clu also genetically interacts with PINK1, and our epistasis analysis places clu downstream of PINK1 and upstream of park. In addition, Clu forms a complex with PINK1 and Park, further supporting that Clu links mitochondrial function with the PINK1-Park pathway. Lack of Clu causes PINK1 and Park to interact with each other, and clu mutants have decreased check details BEZ235 in vitro mitochondrial protein levels, suggesting that Clu can act as a negative regulator of the PINK1-Park pathway. Taken together, these

results suggest that Clu directly modulates mitochondrial function, and that Clu’s function contributes to the PINK1-Park pathway of mitochondrial quality control.”
“Purpose: Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare entity characterized by epilepsy and aphasia. It occurs in previously normal children, usually between three and seven years of age. The long-term outcome of LKS is not completely clear. The aim of this study is to verify the long-term follow-up of a group of patients with LKS, focusing on clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) aspects, and quality of life. Methods: This was a transversal study. Between November 2006 and April 2007 seven patients with previous diagnosis of LKS were interviewed. They had had a follow-Lip of three to 16 years after their disease onset. They were all males between the ages of eight and 27 years old. All patients had normal MRI. Parents and/or patients were interviewed by one of the authors using a structured questionnaire. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, the Conner’s Rating Scales – Revised, and Short-Form Health Survey (SF 36) were used. Each patient had a prolonged interictal EEG recording. All patients had normal MRI. Results: The present investigation revealed that two patients still have seizures several years after epilepsy onset.

A review and synopsis of recent literature pertinent to allograft

A review and synopsis of recent literature pertinent to allograft bone healing.\n\nObjective. To review the basic principles and primary issues regarding the healing of allograft bone. To review progress made in understanding the molecular mechanisms of healing, and efforts being made to manipulate these processes to enhance healing.\n\nSummary of Background Data.

Bone grafting with both autografts click here and allografts is a common reconstructive procedure. Failure to heal and catastrophic failure of seemingly healed structural grafts occur. There is currently a great deal of excitement about the potential of bone marrow-derived cells to enhance healing. Gene transfer techniques have been developed which allow the insertion of desired deoxyribonucleic acid-encoded messages into cells. Such messages can result in the production of therapeutic proteins. Gene therapy has been used to enhance the healing of allografts in a murine model.\n\nMethods. Literature review.\n\nResults. Autografts heal by endochondral ossification at the graft-host interface and by intramembranous bone formation over the surface of the graft. Allografts heal predominately by endochondral ossification at the graft-host interface. The living periosteum of a graft contains progenitor cells that have an important role in graft MK-8931 supplier healing. The addition of bone marrow-derived cells to an allograft does

not improve healing unless they are genetically modified to express bone morphogenetic protein 2. Gene therapy to induce expression of several other proteins (VEGF and RANKL, caALK2) can also result in markedly improved allograft healing.\n\nConclusion. Gene therapy techniques can create revitalized allografts in a mouse model. These revitalized grafts heal faster, more completely, more durably, and stronger than allografts.”
“Air pollution is a thoroughly hybrid Phenomenon. It is composed of inseparable physical, scientific, cultural, social, economic and political dimensions. It is both an object

of environmental science embedded in our everyday social and Cultural worlds. Nevertheless, much air pollution scholarship focuses solely on the Physical dimensions Of air Pollution which are expressed quantitatively and pays little or no regard to the identities, discourses, bodies and emotions by air Pollution as a physical reality. This article argues for a more reflexive and hybrid PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway approach to air pollution research which bridges intellectually confining binaries. Drawing on the work of Bruno Latour and other actor-network theorists. it argues that if we can let go of a foundational nature, disrupt Our humanism and take non-scientific knowledges seriously, we might develop a new respect for the atmospheric environment and begin the task of building a better common World. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The feeding habits of Okamejei kenojei were studied using 592 specimens collected in the coastal waters of Taean, Korea from April 2008 to March 2009. O.

“Background: Oral anticoagulants reduce embolic complicati

“Background: Oral anticoagulants reduce embolic complications HDAC inhibitor mechanism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and are used in the treatment and prevention of venous thromboembolism. In Poland, chronic oral anticoagulation is usually managed by primary care physicians, and the most commonly used drugs are vitamin K antagonists (VKA).\n\nAim: To evaluate effectiveness of oral anticoagulation in 104 patients receiving chronic VKA treatment in primary care from Jan 01, 2011 to Dec 31, 2011.\n\nMethods: We performed a retrospective analysis of data of 104 patients receiving chronic VKA treatment in a primary care practice (Niepubliczny Zaklad Opieki Zdowotnej ESCULAP Gniewkowo) from Jan 01, 2011

to Dec 31, 2011. These patients comprised 1.1% of the population remaining under care of this primary care practice. We determined minimum, maximum and mean values of the international normalised ratio (INR), the proportion of results

within the therapeutic range, the number of INR measurements, and indications for anticoagulant treatment. In patients with AF, we determined the risks of bleeding complications and thrombotic events.\n\nResults: Among patients receiving chronic VKA treatment, 56.84% of INR measurements were within the therapeutic range. Only 29.8% of patients had more than 70% of INR measurements this website within the therapeutic range. We found no association between the number of INR measurements and treatment effectiveness.\n\nConclusions: The effectiveness of anticoagulation in primary care is unsatisfactory. In our study population, an acceptable time in the therapeutic range was achieved in only just below 30% of patients.”
“Objective: In patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, candidates for surgical intervention, the parathyroid pre-operative localization is of fundamental importance in planning the appropriate surgical approach. Materials and methods:The additional acquisition of SPECT andTechnetium-99m images, during parathyroid scintigraphy selleck compound with Sestamibi, is not common practice. Usually, only planar image acquisition, 15 minutes prior and 2

hours after radiopharmaceutical administration, is performed. Results: In our experience, the complete protocol in parathyroid scintigraphy increases the accuracy of pre-operative parathyroid localization. Conclusion: The complete utilization of all available nuclear medicine methods (SPECT e Tc-99m) and image interpretation in a multidisciplinary context can improve the accuracy of parathyroid scintigraphy. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2010;54(4):352-61″
“Strain JX22, exhibiting a broad range of antimicrobial activities to fungal pathogens, was isolated and classified as representing Pseudomonas kilonensis. In this study, the mutant JX22MT1 was obtained by the EZ-Tn5 transposon mutation and showed no antifungal activity against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici as compared with wild-type strain JX22.