The method used for Venetoclax cell line hydroperoxide determination was adapted from that of Gay and Gebicki (2002a), with some modifications. The drying (concentration) step for non-polar phase was omitted, as there was no need for it. Also, perchloric acid was replaced with H2SO4, due to safety requirements in the laboratory. The assay was adapted to use a 2 ml Eppendorf tube due to the efficiency and convenience during the assay. Effendorf tubes were stable without chemical
reactions and did not affect the optical readings in this assay (Ewald, 2010). The assay was designed to make it possible to calculate the total amount of peroxides in meat, as opposed to only the peroxides extracted in one specific solvent (Miyazawa et al., 1988 and Schmedes and Hølmer, 1989). Thus, polar peroxides and protein-bound peroxides were included. The assay used in this study relates to the approach described by Volden et al. (2011), where the protein is left as an interphase between extracting
solvents. Peroxides can be formed on several amino acid side chains but also on the protein backbone following exposure to reactive oxygen species. Detection of peroxides in a pure protein model system, using the FOX method, has been demonstrated (Gay & Gebicki, 2002a). These authors reported the presence of 0.44 mmol of peroxides/kg of ovalbumin when Rose Bengal was used to generate reactive oxygen species. They also reported that the amount of peroxides/kg of protein depended on the type of protein. There is, to our knowledge, www.selleckchem.com/products/pexidartinib-plx3397.html Progesterone no comparison between the method used by Morgan, Li, Jang, el Sayed, and Chan (1989) and ours regarding the amount of peroxides to be formed on proteins, but the amount of protein-bound
peroxides measured here is in a range comparable to their values. With regard to lipid peroxides, our values were on the high side if compared to the values normally given as 20–40 meqv peroxide/kg of oil (we only had, on average, about 1.5% w/w fat in the samples). But the determination of hydroperoxide is challenging because different types of hydroperoxide can be produced during the oxidation procedure (Bou et al., 2008). Many methods have been carried out to investigate lipid hydroperoxide in biological materials and foods (Dobarganes and Velasco, 2002, Gray and Monahan, 1992 and Moore and Roberts, 1998) but the analysis is sensitive to different laboratory details (Bou et al., 2008). Thus our higher non-polar peroxide values could relate to the choice of analytical method. It has been claimed that the more traditional peroxide measurement loses peroxides during the assay (Meisner & Gebicki, 2009). This may explain why our values are relatively high. Regarding polar peroxides, it makes sense that these are the lowest, since the dry matter content of the water–methanol phase will be low. The polar phase contains degradation products from lipids (Volden et al.